The biggest difference here is price: adult prices at the Historical Society are $19, compared to $14 at the Museum of the City of New York. All. Researchers applied laboratory-based advances in bacteriology and immunology to the treatment and prevention of this disease, thereby eradicating it as a major threat. [63] Smith became governor in the 1920s but lost the presidential election in 1928, even though he did very well in Catholic strongholds. D.W. Brogan offers a panoramic view of the Big Apple's architecture, society and economic history. Jackson, Kenneth T. and Hillary Ballon, eds. La Guardia dominated city politics as mayor, 1934 to 1945. [49][50][51], On September 16, 1920, radicals in the city perpetrated the Wall Street bombing, a terrorist attack outside the headquarters of the House of Morgan, killing dozens of people and injuring hundreds. "Transportation Made the Bronx", International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, massive subway expansions proposed in 1929 and 1939, International Ladies Garment Workers Union, "Traditional Reform, Municipal Populism, and Progressivism Challenges to Machine Politics in Early-Twentieth-Century New York City. ", "The 1918 Influenza Epidemic in New York City: A Review of the Public Health Response", "When war made the city sizzle (book review of, Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898, I.N. The Burr McIntosh Photograph Collection consists of 596 glass plate negatives and 3,822 photographic prints dating from 1898 to 1910. [3] The total population was 3.4 million in 1900, leaping to 5.6 million in 1920 and leveling off at 7.9 million in 1950. There was fear of German sabotage, especially in the aftermath of the Black Tom explosion in 1916. [59] The chief competitor to Canfield was the "Bronze Door," operated 1891-1917 by syndicate of gamblers closely linked to the Democratic machine represented by Tammany Hall. That year, the cities of New York—which then consisted of present-day Manhattan and the Bronx—and Brooklyn were both consolidated with the largely rural areas of Queens and Staten Island. On June 15, 1904, over 1,000 people, mostly German ethnics, were killed when the excursion steamship General Slocum caught fire and burned in the East River. Jewish men still had doubts about educating girls, and poor families needed the money they could earn in full-time jobs. [46], On the night of April 14–15, 1912, the ocean liner RMS Titanic was en route in the North Atlantic to New York when it sank, killing 1,500 of the 2,200 people. However, recent historical research shows that the factory workers were mostly Germans, not Irish, and that the police were following standard practice in quelling a riot. The opening of the Williamsburg Bridge in 1903 and the Manhattan Bridge in 1909 further connected Manhattan to the rapidly expanding bedroom community in Brooklyn. Genealogy Resources - Orange County, New York. After the start of World War II, though, the theme was changed from "Building the World of Tomorrow" to "For Peace and Freedom", and the shadow of the war underway in Europe dampened the proceedings. By the war's end, the Navy Yard was the world's largest shipyard with 75,000 workers. The Progressive Era to the New Era, 1900–1929 | We should not accept social life as it has "trickled down to us," the young journalist Walter Lippmann wrote soon after the twentieth century began. Porträt der … [81] John D. Rockefeller, of Standard Oil, expanded from a dominant position in oil to other industries as well as banking. [73], The Jazz Age featured celebrities, among the most notable in the city were Madame Polly Adler; jazz singer Ella Fitzgerald; dancer Martha Graham; speakeasy host Texas Guinan; publisher Henry Luce of Time magazine; writer Dorothy Parker and the pundits at the Algonquin Hotel; editor Harold Ross at The New Yorker magazine; and such nationally famous sports heroes as Babe Ruth and Bill Tilden.[74]. [Reading Room Reference] Gottesman, Rita, The Arts and Crafts in New York: Advertisements and News Items from New York City Newspapers, 3 vols. The Jews fought back and quickly had the factory and its 1,800 men and boys under siege, breaking all its windows. The congestion at the port led experts to realize the need for a port authority to supervise the extremely complex system of bridges, highways, subways, and port facilities in the New York-New Jersey area. Early forms of organized crime were developed and refined in this period, culminating in the 1920s proliferation of gangs and gangsters. The population was highly diverse in terms of ethnicity, race, religion and class. Betting on horse racing was allowed only at the tracks themselves, where the controls were tight. Nevins, Allan, and John Allen Krout, eds. There were 200,000 of them in the city, producing nearly 2,500 short tons (2,300 t) of manure daily. Year book of the New York Society of Architects (OCoLC)608623915: Document Type: Journal / Magazine / Newspaper: All Authors / Contributors: New York Society of Architects. New York City dominated the national industry, with Chicago and Los Angeles trailing far behind. Join us for a journey into the brothels and dance halls of early New York City. [43] Hearst became a leader of the left wing of the Democratic Party and was nearly elected mayor in 1905 and governor in 1906. Commodified sex was everywhere and available for any price. Instead, Democratic machines flourished in each of the boroughs, with Tammany Hall in Manhattan the most prominent. The nation's first black newspaper, Freedom's Journal, was launched in 1827 by the abolitionist minister Samuel Cornish and John Russwurm, one of the first blacks in the United States to receive a college degree. William Jay Gaynor, reform judge, won the Tammany nomination in 1909. The recently completed Empire State Building would be known as the "Empty State Building" for many years because it could not attract sufficient tenants in the bleak business climate. Most of the photographs are celebrity portraits from the first decade of the twentieth century. Most new arrivals already had some idea of what they were coming to, from family letters and widely available pamphlet literature. It also financed much of the British and French war efforts in World War I. Tom explosion in 1916 & archive subscriber, please ensure you are logged in was swept to the election Al! 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